“There is a sentence in the note that says
“saya tidak ada naskhah lama bagi judul buku itu”.
“Naskhah” is included here.
But why sometimes, when we say that there is no teacher in the class,
we omit the word “orang” e.g., “Tidak ada guru di dalam kelas.”?
When there is no teacher, there is nothing to classify hence there is no need to invoke classification.
The naskhah-example in our lecture is a classifier which becomes the noun.
You can see this in English as well:
I wanted three bottles of milk but I only manage to get one bottle.
The second ‘bottle’ is a classifier which becomes noun.
This is possible because we can make back inference of what the bottle was classifying.
Because we need to invoke the noun in quantities.
Abang ada dua ekor kucing
Elder brother has two cats
If no quantification is needed classifier is not needed:
Abang suka kucing,
Elder brother likes cats.
Hope this explanation provides a better understanding of why classifier is invoked in a language.