Beberapa soalan pada hari Sabtu

Soalan daripada seorang pelajar bahasa:


1. [i]s berlepas and meni[n]ggalkan the same and use[d] interchangeable?


Ans: Berlepas is only for travel via flight, whereas meninggalkan is all inclusive in terms of modes of travel.


2. [h]ow about sudah and telah? also interchangeable?   Yes


3. with regards to -kan as a converter marker, I can’t change menangis to menangiskan?


Ans: Menangis is intransitive and we do not cry for sthg., but we cry about sthg.  

Even in English, when you cry for help it is a different kind of cry.


4. Can we choose to not use ialah and adalah at all since without them it means the same thing? Yes


5. For tunggu, do we have to follow it up with untuk or not? E.g. [*]saya sedang menunggu untuk kereta bapa?


Ans: No.  In fact, the use of untuk in your Malay example is ungrammatical showing the English influence.


6. I cannot see the difference between sayang and menya[ya]ngi.


Ans: 1. Dia sayang saya [S/he loves me]  vs. 2. Dia menyayangi saya [S/he is loving toward me]

The first is a static relation whereas the second is dynamic and proactive.

[It has to do with the nature of ‘love’ being a passive and/or active relationship at the same time].


7. Why [do] we use mencintakan with the -kan suffix when mencinta does not exist [?]

On the contrary, why do we use mengasihi with the suffix -i when mengasih does not exist?


Ans: Both are common nouns, hence the conversion requires the coordination of prefix and suffix [simulfixation].

Mencintakan is a transitive warm feeling i.e. a passion for sthg.

Mimi mencintakan keamanan dunia [Mimi is passionate about world peace]


Mengasihi is a transitive feeling i.e. a heart-felt: directed loving feeling that ends in a (human) target

Kamal mengasihi anaknya [Kamal loves {is loving toward} his child].  


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