Soalan-soalan seorang pelajar

Di bawah ialah beberapa soalan pelajar saya:

1. Whats the difference between beritahu and suruh?

Ans.

Beritahu = tell (neutral) as in inform

Suruh = tell (with expectation) like your mother tell you to do sthg.

2. On Page 57 of the tutorial booklet, Ans for Qn 1 is

‘Kakak saya bermula memasak pada pukul enam petang dan habis memasak pada pukul tujuh petang.’

Why me- is added for both ‘masak’ in the ans? In both cases, there are no actor+action.

Ans.

Memasak = shows the process of cooking whereas Masak = to cook

Without the prefix meN- you are saying my sister begins to cook fr. ….until…

With the prefix meN- you are saying my sister begins cooking fr. …until….

 

3. Can I add ‘sedang’ in front of the word ‘memasak’?

E.g.  ‘Kakak saya bermula sedang memasak pada pukul enam petang dan habis memasak pada pukul tujuh petang.’

When do I need to add the word sedang?

Ans.

Sedang makes the verb progressive i.e. –ing

Mula memasak already has the progressive reading

Sedang is used in a particular instance as in Kakak saya sedang memasak di dapur sekarang

Sedang is not good when you are telling a cooking period that begins from X o’clock and ends at Y o’clock.

Sedang is not necessary unless you exclude the end time in X is cooking.

4. How do we  say ‘What happened to you?’

Ans.

There are many versions:

If angry: Awak kenapa macam ini?

If curious: Apa sudah jadi dengan awak?

If for real: Bagaimana awak boleh sampai begini? 

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