How to use -kan & lagi

Here is learning transpired online this week

A.  I am still not sure about the usage of kan. Can you explain?

-kan  is a suffix at the end of the verb.  Here are 2 common meanings of -kan


1.       It may add an objek


bangun = wake or stand


bangunkan  adik = wake your sibling up or help your sibling to stand.  [-kan here introduces the object to the standalone verb]


2.       Add Emphasis


Baca = read


Bacakan surat ini  = Read [with emphasis] this letter [-kan adds emphasis which is an order if the person is manager and hearer: secretary]


Again context and speaker’s identity influence the meaning



“Ambikan ibu buku” kata ibu = “Get me a book [with emphasis]” says mother


This is a request from mother to a child who is near the book:

 it may be at home, in the library or simply waiting near a rack in polyclinics.

Dear Cikgu,

B. May I know for the word “lagi”, does it have any other meaning besides “again”? Maybe something like “more”?  March 10, 2009

lagi = again

it may be more when attached to a verb

cakap = say

Dia cakap lagi!  =

1. S/he is talking again.

2. S/he is saying it some more!

3. S/he is making noise some more/again.

So do not see meaning just at word level.

Depending on the word lagi attaches to,  a unique meaning chemistry in a phrase unfolds each time….

That’s the beauty of dynamic language use.






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