Question on telah vs. sudah & benar vs. betul

Dear All

A question:

I do not understand the difference between telah and sudah since they both refers to ‘have’. I also do not understand the difference between betulkah and benarkah, are they interchangeable?

Here are my replies:

Telah is have with a completed sense

So if adik telah merokok pada 1978

He may not be doing so

 

Sudah is have with an open ended sense

So if adik sudah merokok pada 1978

He may still be smoking now (if he is still around)

 

Benar is true

Betul is correct

 

I used betulkah and translated it as is it true in the lecture because if it is correct implies that it is true.

 

Hence I used the concept of Correct entails truth in my translation

If that gets in the away of your comprehension you may change it to is it correct

 

Terima kasih

cikgu

One thought on “Question on telah vs. sudah & benar vs. betul

  1. Here are 2 more questions:

    For the sentence: Jururawat itu sudah masuk ke hutan,
    is it the same as: Sudahkah jururawat itu masuk ke hutan?

    For the sentence: Berapa orang belum datang lagi,
    I do not understand why do we need to add lagi at the end.

    Here are my replies:

    Yes for the nurse but ? is missing in the first sentence

    Lagi is either again or yet.
    In my case it is contextuialized as yet indicating an expected turn out that has yet to complete.

    The question may be raised when only 3 out seven people turned out at a gathering

    Terima kasih, cikgu

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